Articles Published in Refereed Journals
Andersen, J.C., Gwiazdowski R. and Gruwell M.E. 2014. Molecular evolution of sexual and parthenogenetic lineages of the armored scale insects Aspidiotus nerii (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) and its primary bacterial endosymbiont, Uzinura diaspidicola. Submitted Annals of the Entomological Society of America.
Andersen, J.C., Gwiazdowski, R., Gdanetz, K. R. (Berhend Student), and M.E. Gruwell. 2014. Armored scale insect endosymbiont diversity at the species level: genealogical patterns of Candidatus Uzinura diaspidicola in the Chionaspis pinifoliae – Chionaspis heterophyllae species complex (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Diaspididae) in review, Bulletin of Entomological Research.
Gruwell, M.E, and C. Knuth (Berhend Student). 2014. Description of three new species of armored scale insects from the genus Mycetaspis (Hemiptera, Diaspididae). In Review. Zookeys.
Gruwell, M.E. Duda, Z. (Behrend Student), MacCready J. (Behrend Student). 2014. Investigation of endosymbiotic bacteria associated with scale insects from the family Putoidae (Hemiptera: Coccoidea). Accepted. Acta Zoological Bulgarica.
Campbell, A.M., (Behrend Student), Lawerence, A.J. (Behrend Student), Hudspath, C. (Behrend Student) and Gruwell, M.E. 2014. Molecular identification of Diaspididae and elucidation of non-native species using the genes 28S and 16S. accepted Insects 2075-4450.
Morse, S.F., Bush, S., Patterson, B., Dick, C., Gruwell, M.E., and K. Dittmar. 2013. Evolution, multiple acquisition, and localization of endosymbionts in Bat Flies (Hippoboscoidea, Streblidae, Nycteribiidae). Applied and environmental microbiology, 79(9), 2952-2961.
Gruwell, M.E., M, Flarhety (Behrend Student), K. Dittmar. 2012. Distribution of the primary endosymbiont (Candidatus Uzinura diaspidicola) within host insects from the scale insect family Diaspididae. Insects 3(1): 262-269.
Dittmar, K., Morse, S. Gruwell, M.E., Mayberry, J., and E. DiBlasi. 2011. Spatial and temporal complexities of reproductive behavior and sex ratios: A case from parasitic insects. Public Library of Science One. 6(5):e19438.
Gruwell, M.E., N. Hardy, P.J. Gullan, and K. Dittmar. 2010. Evolutionary Relationships among primary endosymbionts in the mealybug sub-family Phenacoccinae (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae). Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 76(22): 7521-7525.
Andersen, J.C., M.E. Gruwell, G.E. Morse, and B.B., Normark, 2010. Cryptic diversity in the Aspidiotus nerii complex in Australia. Annals of the Entomology Society of America. 103(6):844-854.
Andersen, J.C., J. Wu, M.E. Gruwell, R. Gwiazdowski, S.E. Santana, N.M. Feliciano, G.E. Morse, and B.
B. Normark, 2010. A phylogenetic analysis of armored scale insects (Hemiptera: Diaspididae), based upon nuclear, mitochondrial, and endosymbiont gene sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 57(3): 992-1003.
Gruwell, M.E., J. Wu, and B.B. Normark. 2009. Phylogenetic relationships of Cardinium (Bacteroidetes: Flavobacteria) found as secondary endosymbionts of armored scale insects (Hemiptera: Diaspididae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 102(6): 1050-1061.
Dittmar, K., C.W. Dick, B.D. Patterson, M.F. Whiting, M.E. Gruwell. 2009. Pupal deposition patterns and ecology of the winged ectoparasitic bat fly Trichobius galei [Diptera: Streblidae] in a natural cave habitat. Journal of Parasitology. 95(2):308-314.
Gruwell, M.E., Morse, G.E., and Normak, B.B. 2007. Phylogenetic congruence of armored scale insects (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) and their primary endosymbionts from the phylum Bacteroidetes. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution 44(1): 267-280.
Gruwell, M.E, C. von Dohlen, K. Patch, & B.B. Normark. 2005. Preliminary PCR survey of the endosymbionts of scale insects. Proceedings of the International Symposium for Scale Insect Studies, Adana, Turkey, 2005.
Morse, G. E., M. E. Gruwell, and B. B. Normark. 2005. Towards a combined molecular and morphological phylogenetic analysis of Diaspididae. Proceedings of the Tenth International Symposium on Scale Insect Studies, Adana, Turkey, 2005.
Gruwell M.E. Instructor’s Manual for Evolution by Bergstrom and Dugatkin. 2011. 75 pages.