Timothy R. Blake is a Lecturer in History in the School of Humanities and Social Sciences at Penn State Erie, The Behrend College. Presently he is teaching World and Mideast history and has taught for many years in New England, at both Champlain College in Burlington, Vermont and Saint Michael’s College in Colchester, Vermont. He received his bachelor’s and master’s degrees at the State University of New York, College at Buffalo. He received his Ph.D. at McGill University in Montreal, Quebec. Fields of interest include British and French diplomatic history, European Imperialism and the closing of global ecumene.