### Secondary Education in Mathematics

Students in the program will:

- understand deeply the mathematics they will teach in the future;
- become familiar with the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Principles and Standards for School Mathematics;
- apply national and state standards for mathematics education to develop content-appropriate lessons;
- use and compare different assessment techniques;
- develop a disposition favoring continual gathering and use of information about their students' mathematical understandings;
- appropriately and responsibly use technology to enhance opportunities for students' mathematical thinking;
- understand the development of mathematics through numerous and varied experiences related to the cultural, historical, and scientific evolution of mathematics;
- learn to use their mathematics and pedagogy knowledge flexibly in authentic situations through field experiences with secondary students under the supervision of highly qualified, experienced teachers and university supervisors.

**Mathematics Education Core Course Learning Outcomes**

Note: Core Course Learning Outcomes may also be found on the University Bulletin and were created by the Secondary Mathematics Education faculty at Penn State University Park.

**MTHED 411 Teaching Secondary Mathematics I**

The goals for the course are:- To improve understanding of some of the mathematical concepts which are important in secondary school mathematics.
- To improve understanding of the nature of mathematics: what is important, how it is practiced, how mathematical validity is determined.
- To improve understanding of the historical development of selected topics from secondary school mathematics.
- To develop a vision of good school mathematics.
- To see mathematics, mathematics learning, and mathematics teaching as problematic and to develop an inquiry approach to and an ability to reflect on these domains.
- To increase understanding of secondary school students' mathematical thinking and understanding.
- To increase ability to specify subject matter involved in a specific mathematics topic and make distinctions among them.
- To improve understanding of various teaching strategies and their strengths and weaknesses.
- To increase ability to choose among lessons and curriculum materials based on the intended mathematical subject matter and the current understandings of the students.
- To increase insight into creating a thriving, supportive mathematics classroom culture.

**MTHED 412 Teaching Secondary Mathematics II**

Student goals are to:- develop an expanded view of the process of teaching mathematics
- develop a deeper understanding of what it means to learn mathematics and the processes by which mathematics is learned;
- be able to reflect on the instruction and one's learning in MTHED 412 and to relate it to students' learning of secondary mathematics;
- be able to plan and teach appropriate mathematics lessons and reflect on one's teaching;
- be familiar with and be able to draw on a variety of teaching resources;
- investigate current issues influencing evaluation in the secondary mathematics curriculum;
- choose goals and content for middle school and high school mathematics courses;
- develop strategies for assessing and evaluating what students have learned;
- create and implement assessment instruments for middle school and high school mathematics courses;
- develop insights into student understanding, especially in relationship to exceptional students as well as to mathematically talented and challenged students;
- identify the needs of diverse learners and to develop strategies to address these needs;
- create classroom environments that are conducive to learning; and incorporate appropriate technology in the teaching and learning of mathematics.

**MTHED 427 Teaching Mathematics in Technology-Intensive Environments**

Students should expect to:- learn something about each of several common types of mathematics software;
- learn new things about secondary school mathematics;
- learn how to make decisions about how to use technology as an effective mathematics teacher;
- use communication software (e.g., word processors, e-mail, PowerPoint) not as objects of our discussion but in simple ways to generate and share products, assignments, and ideas.